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Occupational Safety & Health Administration

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires employers to help protect employees from hazardous working conditions. Michigan Industrial Shoe prides itself in delivering name brand safety shoes and work boots, that are compliant to OSHA requirements, to hard working men and women.

A partial list of occupations for which foot protection should be considered would include assemblers, carpenters, drywall installers and lathe operators, electricians, freight handlers, gardeners and groundskeepers, laborers, nurses, hospitality workers, restaurant employee, machinists, mechanics and repairers, packers, plumbers and pipefitters, punch and stamping press operators, sawyers, shipping and receiving clerks, stock clerks, structural metal workers, timber cutting and logging workers, warehouse laborers and welders. 

Whether you need steel or composite (non-metal) toes, metatarsal guards, electical hazard protection, or slip resistant shoes, you'll find top quality shoes and boots from Hytest, Timberland, Skechers, Dr. Martens, Caterpillar, Wolverine, and other name brand work shoes.

 

OSHA Rulings on Personal Protective Equipment

1910.132 General Requirements

  • Hazard assessment and equipment selection.
    • The employer shall assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present, or are likely to be present, which necessitate the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). If such hazards are present, or likely to be present, the employer shall:
      • Select, and have each affected employee use, the types of PPE that will protect the affected employee from the hazards identified in the hazard assessment;
      • Communicate selection decisions to each affected employee; and,
      • Select PPE that properly fits each affected employee. Note: Non-mandatory Appendix B contains an example of procedures that would comply with the requirement for a hazard assessment.
    • The employer shall verify that the required workplace hazard assessment has been performed through a written certification that identifies the workplace evaluated; the person certifying that the evaluation has been performed; the date(s) of the hazard assessment; and, which identifies the document as a certification of hazard assessment.
  • Defective and damaged equipment. Defective or damaged personal protective equipment shall not be used.
  • Training.
    • The employer shall provide training to each employee who is required by this section to use PPE. Each such employee shall be trained to know at least the following:
      • When PPE is necessary;
      • What PPE is necessary;
      • How to properly don, doff, adjust, and wear PPE;
      • The limitations of the PPE; and,
      • The proper care, maintenance, useful life and disposal of the PPE.
    • Each affected employee shall demonstrate an understanding of the training specified in paragraph (f)(1) of this section, and the ability to use PPE properly, before being allowed to perform work requiring the use of PPE.
    • When the employer has reason to believe that any affected employee who has already been trained does not have the understanding and skill required by paragraph (f)(2) of this section, the employer shall retrain each such employee. Circumstances where retraining is required include, but are not limited to, situations where:
      • Changes in the workplace render previous training obsolete; or
      • Changes in the types of PPE to be used render previous training obsolete; or
      • Inadequacies in an affected employee's knowledge or use of assigned PPE indicate that the employee has not retained the requisite understanding or skill.
    • The employer shall verify that each affected employee has received and understood the required training through a written certification that contains the name of each employee trained, the date(s) of training, and that identifies the subject of the certification.

1910.136 Foot Protection

  • General requirements. The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses protective footwear when working in areas where there is a danger of foot injuries due to falling or rolling objects, or objects piercing the sole, and where such employee's feet are exposed to electrical hazards.
  • Criteria for protective footwear.
    • Protective footwear purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI & ASTM Z41-1991, "American National Standard for Personal Protection-Protective Footwear," which is incorporated by reference as specified in Sec. 1910.6, or shall be demonstrated by the employer to be equally effective.
    • Protective footwear purchased before July 5, 1994 shall comply with the ANSI & ASTM standard "USA Standard for Men's Safety-Toe Footwear," Z41.1-1967, which is incorporated by reference as specified in Sec. 1910.6, or shall be demonstrated by the employer to be equally effective.

 

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

  • The ASTM F2413-05 standard divides safety shoes into two categories: impact resistance and compression resistance. Impact and compression requirements gauge the shoe's ability to protect the wearer from falling or rolling objects. Impact- and compression-resistant shoes are made using a steel or nonmetallic toe-cap for foot protection from falling or rolling objects that could crush or break toes. The toe-cap is designed into the safety shoes at the time they are manufactured.

 

  • There are two classifications for impact ratings--Classes 50 and 75:
    • I/50 resists 50 pounds dropped from 12 inches
    • I/75 resists 50 pounds dropped from 18 inches.
  • What do these figures mean? I/75 rated toe-caps must pass a foot-pound test by dropping a 50-pound steel weight from a height of 18 inches. This is measured in foot-pounds and will protect a worker from an impact of 75 foot-pounds.

 

  • There are two classifications for compression ratings--also Classes 50 and 75. The shoes are tested to withstand compression at a set poundage before the toe-cap begins to crack or collapse:
    • C/50 = 1,750 pounds
    • C/75 = 2,500 pounds

 

  • The ASTM standard F2413-05 dropped a previous Class 30 rating from both impact and compression ratings. The standard also excludes "hang-on" or "strap-on" toe-caps, which are added on to the shoe. The toe-cap must be an integral, built-in part of the footwear. Also, the standard has removed static dissipative (SD) type II shoes, leaving only type I.

 

Interpretation of the Footwear Label
Here is a sample of a label you might find in safety footwear:

ASTM F2413-05
M I/75 C/75
PR

That code breaks down in this manner:
ASTM F2413-05
is the ASTM standard.

M I/75 C/75:
M or F identifies the gender (M = Male or F = Female)
I/75 is the impact resistance rating.
C/75 is the compression resistance rating.

PR
This line identifies protection from other types of hazards, including:
CD = Conductive properties
CS = Chainsaw cut resistance
DI = Dielectric insulation
EH = Electrical insulation properties
ESD = Electrostatic dissipative
PR = Puncture resistance
SR = Slip resistance

Links to other information:

http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=9786

 

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